Basic Estonian words for beginners

Basic Estonian words for beginners

– Essential words to know –


Learn the essentials of Estonian easily with this vocabulary list that contains all the most basic words used in Estonian, with their english translations. If you’re a beginner, it will come in handy to review or learn Estonian by yourself before traveling, or if you want to enrich and improve your Estonian vocabulary to better express yourself in writing and speaking!

Do you spot any errors or want to add a vocabulary word to the list? Don’t hesitate to leave a comment to improve the site!

Please Palun
Thank you! Aitäh!
Sorry!  Vabandust!
What? Mida?
Who? WHO?
When? Millal?
Why? Miks?
Which? Milline?
How? Kuidas?
Where ? Kus?
How much ? Kui palju ?
Yes Jah
No  Ei
Maybe Võib olla
Of course Muidugi
something midagi
nothing mitte midagi
somebody keegi
nobody mitte keegi
before enne
after pärast
far kaugele
near lähedal
here siin
there seal
today täna
tomoorow homme
now nüüd
man mees
woman naine
friend sõber
more rohkem
less vähem
always alati
later hiljem
never mitte kunagi
same sama
different erinev
small väike
large suur
difficult raske
easy lihtne
hot kuum
cold külm
yesterday eile
after pärast
beautiful ilus
broken katki
free tasuta
a pharmacy apteek
money raha
a bag kott
a lighter tulemasin
a cigarette sigaret
a bottle pudel
soap seep
clean puhas
dirty määrdunud
a trash can prügikast
a trash bag prügikott
the silence vaikus
a tool tööriist
pregnant rase
sick haige
a baby beebi
a little bit natukene
a doctor Arst
a dentist hambaarst
a medicine ravim
a book raamat
a story lugu
a phone telefoni
a computer arvuti
a car Auto
a plane lennuk
the name nimi
the adress aadress
the age Vanus
the nationality rahvusest
a choice valik
an answer vastus
the key võti
the light valgus
the television TV
the bed voodi
the house maja
the shower dušš
the window aken
the door uks
the table laud
tired väsinud
water vesi
open avatud
closed suletud
clothes riided
coffee kohvi
tea tee
lunch lõunasöök
dinner õhtusöök
a fruit puuvili
a vegetable köögivili
a beverage jooki
a child laps
rain vihma
the entrance sissepääs
the exit väljapääs
music muusika
a smile naeratus
the world maailm
the sky taevas
a river jõgi
the sea Meri
the mountain mägi
the lake järv
the island saarel
the beach rand

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