Basic Korean words for beginners

Basic Korean words for beginners

– Essential words to know –


Learn the essentials of Korean easily with this vocabulary list that contains all the most basic words used in Korean, with their english translations. If you’re a beginner, it will come in handy to review or learn Korean by yourself before traveling, or if you want to enrich and improve your Korean vocabulary to better express yourself in writing and speaking!

Do you spot any errors or want to add a vocabulary word to the list? Don’t hesitate to leave a comment to improve the site!

Please ๋ถ€ํƒํ•ด์š” butakhaeyo
Thank you! ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค! gamsahapnida!
Sorry!ย  ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ด์š”!ย  mianhaeyo!ย 
What? ๋ฌด์—‡? mueot?
Who? ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ? nugu?
When? ์–ธ์ œ? eonje?
Why? ์™œ? wae?
Which? ์–ด๋Š? eoneu?
How? ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ? eotteohge?
Whereย ? ์–ด๋””? ady?
How muchย ? ์–ผ๋งŒํผ์š”? eolmankeumyo?
Yes ์˜ˆ yeah
Noย  ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”ย  anniyoย 
Maybe ์•„๋งˆ ama
Of course ๋ฌผ๋ก  mullon
something ๋ฌด์–ธ๊ฐ€ mueonga
nothing ๋ฌด mu
somebody ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€ nugunga
nobody ์•„๋ฌด๋„ amudo
before ์ „์— jeone
after ํ›„ hu
far ๋ฉ€๋ฆฌ meolli
near ๊ฐ€๊น๋‹ค gakkapda
here ์—ฌ๊ธฐ yeogi
there ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ geogi
today ์˜ค๋Š˜ oneul
tomoorow ํ† ๋ฌด๋กœ์šฐ tomurou
now ์ง€๊ธˆ jigeum
man ๋‚จ์ž nanza
woman ์—ฌ์ž yeoja
friend ์นœ๊ตฌ chingu
more ๋” de
less ๋œ deol
always ๋Š˜ neul
later ๋‚˜์ค‘์— najunge
never ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” gyeolko
same ๊ฐ™์€ gateun
different ๋‹ค๋ฅธ dareun
small ์ž‘๋‹ค jakda
large ํฐ keun
difficult ์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค eoryeopda
easy ์‰ฌ์šด swiun
hot ๋ฅ๋‹ค deopda
cold ๊ฐ๊ธฐ gamgi
yesterday ์–ด์ œ eoje
after ํ›„ hu
beautiful ์•„๋ฆ„๋‹ต๋‹ค areumdapda
broken ๊นจ์ง„ kkaejin
free ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ muryo
a pharmacy ์•ฝ๊ตญ yakguk
money ๋ˆ don
a bag ๊ฐ€๋ฐฉ gabang
a lighter ๋ผ์ดํ„ฐ right
aย cigarette ๋‹ด๋ฐฐ dambae
a bottle ๋ณ‘ byeong
soap ๋น„๋ˆ„ binu
clean ๊นจ๋—์ด kkaekkeusi
dirty ๋”๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค deoreopda
a trash can ์“ฐ๋ ˆ๊ธฐํ†ต ssregiton
a trash bag ์“ฐ๋ ˆ๊ธฐ๋ด‰ํˆฌ sregibong
the silence ์นจ๋ฌต chimmuk
a tool ๋„๊ตฌ togu
pregnant ์ž„์‹ ํ•œ imsinhan
sick ์•„ํ”ˆ apeun
a baby ์•„๊ธฐ agi
a little bit ์กฐ๊ธˆ jogeum
a doctor ์˜์‚ฌ uisa
a dentist ์น˜๊ณผ ์˜์‚ฌ chigua uisa
a medicine ์•ฝ yak
a book ์ฑ… chack
a story ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ iyagi
a phone ์ „ํ™” jeonhwa
a computer ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ computer
a car ์ž๋™์ฐจ jadongcha
a plane ๋น„ํ–‰๊ธฐ bihaenggi
the name ์ด๋ฆ„ ireum
the adress ์ฃผ์†Œ juso
the age ๋‚˜์ด nighy
the nationality ๊ตญ์  gukjeok
a choice ์„ ํƒ seontaek
an answer ๋‹ต๋ณ€ dapbyeon
the key ์—ด์‡  yeolsoe
the light ๋น› bicc
the television ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ telfevision
the bed ์นจ๋Œ€ chimdae
the house ๋” ํ•˜์šฐ์Šค de hauseu
the shower ์ƒค์›Œ xiawo
the window ์ฐฝ chang
the door ๋ฌธ mun
the table ํ…Œ์ด๋ธ” table
tired ํ”ผ๊ณคํ•œ pigonhan
water ๋ฌผ mul
open ์—ด๋‹ค yeolda
closed ๋‹ซ์€ dadeun
clothes ์˜ท ot
coffee ์ปคํ”ผ keopi
tea ์ฐจ cha
lunch ์ ์‹ฌ jeomsim
dinner ์ €๋… ์‹์‚ฌ jeonyeok sixa
a fruit ๊ณผ์ผ guile
a vegetable ์•ผ์ฑ„ yachae
a beverage ์Œ๋ฃŒ eumryo
a child ์•„์ด ai
rain ๋น„ bi
the entrance ์ž…๊ตฌ ipgu
the exit ์ถœ๊ตฌ chulgu
music ์Œ์•… eumak
a smile ๋ฏธ์†Œ miso
the world ์„ธ๊ณ„ sekai
the sky ํ•˜๋Š˜ haneul
a river ๊ฐ• gang
the sea ๋ฐ”๋‹ค bada
the mountain ์‚ฐ san
the lake ํ˜ธ์ˆ˜ hosszรบ
the island ์„ฌ sum
the beach ํ•ด๋ณ€ haebyeon

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