Basic Chinese words for beginners

Basic Chinese words for beginners

– Essential words to know –

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Learn the essentials of Chinese easily with this vocabulary list that contains all the most basic words used in Chinese, with their english translations. If you’re a beginner, it will come in handy to review or learn Chinese by yourself before traveling, or if you want to enrich and improve your Chinese vocabulary to better express yourself in writing and speaking!

Do you spot any errors or want to add a vocabulary word to the list? Don’t hesitate to leave a comment to improve the site!

ENGLISH CHINESE
Please Qǐng
Thank you! xièxiè!
Sorry!  Duìbùqǐ!
What? Shénme?
Who? Shéi?
When? Shénme shíhòu?
Why? Wèishéme?
Which? Nǎge?
How? Rúhé?
Where ? Zài nǎlǐ?
How much ? Duōshǎo qián?
Yes Shì de
No 
Maybe yěxǔ
Of course dāngrán
something mǒu wù
nothing méiyǒu shé me
somebody mǒu rén
nobody méiyǒu rén
before qián
after hòu
far yuǎn de
near kàojìn
here zhèlǐ
there nàlǐ
today jīntiān
tomoorow míngtiān
now xiànzài
man nánrén
woman nǚshì
friend péngyǒu
more gèng duō de
less jiào shǎo de
always zǒng shì
later zhīhòu
never jué bù
same xiāngtóng de
different bùtóng de
small xiǎo de
large dà de
difficult nán de
easy jiǎndān de
hot rè de
cold hánlěng de
yesterday zuótiān
after hòu
beautiful měilì de
broken pòsuì de
free zìyóu de
a pharmacy yàofáng
money qián
a bag yīgè bāo
a lighter dǎhuǒjī
a cigarette xiāngyān
a bottle yīgè píngzi
soap féizào
clean gānjìng de
dirty āng zāng de
a trash can yīgè lèsè tǒng
a trash bag yīgè lèsè dài
the silence chénmò
a tool yīgè gōngjù
pregnant yùn
sick shēngbìng de
a baby yīgè bǎobǎo
a little bit yī diǎndiǎn
a doctor yīshēng
a dentist yī míng yáyī
a medicine yī zhǒng yào
a book yī běn shū
a story yīgè gùshì
a phone yī bù shǒujī
a computer yī tái diànnǎo
a car yī liàng chē
a plane yī jià fēijī
the name míngzì
the adress dìzhǐ
the age niánlíng
the nationality guójí
a choice yīgè xuǎnzé
an answer yīgè dá’àn
the key yàoshi
the light guāng
the television diànshì
the bed chuáng
the house fángzi
the shower línyù
the window chuānghù
the door mén
the table zhuōzi
tired píláo de
water shuǐ
open dǎkāi
closed guānbì
clothes yīfú
coffee kāfēi
tea chá
lunch wǔcān
dinner wǎncān
a fruit yīgè shuǐguǒ
a vegetable shūcài
a beverage yī zhǒng yǐnliào
a child yīgè háizi
rain
the entrance rùkǒu
the exit chūkǒu
music yīnyuè
a smile yīgè wéixiào
the world shìjiè
the sky tiānkōng
a river yītiáo hé
the sea dàhǎi
the mountain shān
the lake nàgè hú
the island xiǎo dǎo
the beach shātān

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